Originally posted on Steve Tomlin Crafts:
I’m a big fan of painted woodenware and have been experimenting for a while now with different recipes of homemade paint. The egg based tempera I used on my spindleback chair was lovely but takes several weeks to dry properly so I’ve been researching making milk paint. This is a soft paint that covers well and ages beautifully as the paint wears and develops a patina. Milk paint was traditionally made by souring the milk to separate out the curds which make the base for the paint however I’ve been looking for a simpler alternative which is easy to make up in small quantities. In the US powdered milk paint is available in various colours which are simply mixed up with water and this is what I want for my own work. I can then make up a dry batch with the colour I want and then mix up just…
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Originally posted on Cordwood Construction:
My neighbor Steve called up the other day and asked if I’d like to come over to see his new floor. Steve is a contractor by trade, he does beautiful work, so I jumped at the chance. When I walked in the door my mouth fell open. He had built a cordwood floor! It was beautiful, warm and artistic. The colors were tan and brown and the floor was polished to a shine.
Here is the latest (with instructions) on the cordwood floor from an article we wrote for Backhome Magazine. http://www.cordwoodconstruction.org/img/Backhome_Article_Cordwood_Floor_LeesCOMPRESSED.pdf
I asked Steve how he built this floor. He said he had bought some old hardwood barn beams at an auction and decided to use them for flooring. First he cut hundreds of 5/8″ “log end” slices on a bandsaw. Then he placed the slices onto a…
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Originally posted on Ground to Ground:
Not sure what else to call it really – coffee grounds are crack for worms.
If you add coffee grounds into a worm farm they will go nuts for it, reducing the whole pile into luscious vermicast in no time.
Heh even better because it only does them good.
And now via the power of digital images, I bring you my earthworm drug of choice…
Plenty of fat worms, baby worms, and eggs.
One of my YouTube videos on the combination of worms and coffee.
Now look at the condition of these large, flat bodied compost worms. In this case the worms were trying to escape the compost bin on a hot day, which had just been filled with coffee grounds and some quail manure. A case of them just saying no to drugs?
Go collect some coffee grounds. On behalf of the worms I thank you!
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Originally posted on Town & Country Gardening:
I didn’t make this up! Plucked from world news headlines. ‘Really’
Scientists believe asparagus could be ward off the effects of a hangover. Scientists have found chemicals in the vegetable also protect liver cells against toxins.
Experiments on human cells found the minerals and amino acids in asparagus can replacing those lost through drinking which can often lead to a headache. They also relieve stress on the liver.
Scientists at the Jeju National University in South Korea recommend serving the leaves as well as the tender shoots.
Researcher B Y Kim, said: “These results provide evidence of how the biological functions of asparagus can help alleviate alcohol hangover and protect liver cells.”
The study was published in the Journal of Food Science.
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“Permaculture is the harmonious integration of landscape and people. The philosophy behind it is one of, working with, rather than working against, nature. The ethical basis of permaculture is: to take care of the earth; the people, and to set limits on consumption and population.” Bill Mollison, 2002
I disagree with his assessment because on some level I believe each person has the right to decide how many children one has. It’s a very personal decision that I will fight to uphold. Reproductive Rights. Yes, I have opinions and I’m not afraid to state them. You have them, too. And I stand on your right to have them. Personal Responsibility.
Initially, permaculture is a technique to design systems with better energy efficiency. The question is asked, “why is the forest so abundant, but agricultural systems are not?” Permaculture has an ethic that follows three principles:
- Take Care of the Earth. She is your Mother, so instead of saying, “the earth belongs to us, rather say. We belong to the Earth.”
- Take Care of the People; the social permaculture
- Share the Surplus, which is also connected to economical sustainability, because we are not here to live a life of consumerism, but one of simplicity
Sounds a bit Socialist and religious in its approach to me, but hey, whatever works :)
The way we have been farming for the past few generations is aggressive for all involved; nature, agriculture, and tradesmen, making permaculture more an issue of economics. Permaculture has sustainable a dimension. It takes us to a logic in which we interfere less, save energy, and get more in return. Nature has its own speed and I respect that.
The question I most have about permaculture is how is it going to change our current farming methodology? While I can easily see using this on urban lots that lie fallow and on to small acreage farms, I have trouble envisioning this on farms that encompass hundreds & thousands of acres. So far a comprehensive study has not been completed. I saw a post by a doctorate student endeavoring to study permaculture from a scientific stand point. He is in fundraising mode so he can do this work. Sure hope it works out for him.
There will be more on this topic as I research, learn, & put into practice what I learn. Stay Tuned :)
I LOVE discovering ways to increase my yield of produce. I stumbled upon this post via a Pinterest pal. I love technology as much as I love gardening, farming, & homesteading. Wonderful stuff!
Although it’s late in the season to start growing much, we can read what others are doing and begin to formulate our own plans for next years planting season. I enjoy the “downtime” of fall & winter after the hectic growing season & preservation flurry of activity. When January rolls around and seed catalogs start coming in the mail I am like a kid at Christmas!
I like Fred’s Garden Gate instructions for increasing the potato yield with wire fencing and filling it with compost. Much more attractive than the old tire route :)
Enjoy the post. I know I do!
by Fred Davis, MG, Hill Gardens of Maine
Welcome through Fred’s Garden Gate! Well, it’s too late for this season—at least in Central Maine—but there’s still time to prepare and plan a very different way to grow potatoes next season.
Early this Spring (2000), I ordered my Dark Red Norland potatoes from Johnny’s and decided I’d had enough of rows and rows of spuds taking up most of the prime space in our veggie patch. So….I borrowed a concept from a distant friend, highly refined it, and now grow them vertically! The up-side: where 5 pounds of spud “seed” formerly planted about 40 feet of row, now the same plants occupy a circular space 2-1/2 feet across by 36″ tall. And considering the harvest rate, that cooks down to just short of a bushel and a half for the space used! The only down-side that I can see: the planting tends to dry out quicker than if planted directly in the ground. Here’s the deal:
Find yourself about ten feet of 36″ wide “hog wire” that has wire spacing of 1″ by 2″, then roll it into a vertical “cylinder” (now 3-feet tall) and lace it together with either wire or synthetic cord.
Once laced securely, it’s time to cut the openings through which your potato “seed” will be inserted. Each hole will be approximately 3″ by 4″ – just large enough to push the “seed” through, and for the plant to grow through. I arranged mine so there were four openings tall on the cylinder, and 10 openings on each of the four tiers.
Stand this now completed cylinder on one end in the full sun, and drive a stout stake outside on each side (at “9 O’clock” and “3 O’clock”) to keep it standing on end.
The next step involves a wheelbarrow and some elbow-grease: fill this wire enclosure right to the top with the freshest compost or very high organic matter soil— not the usual stuff (“dirt”) you usually grow your potatoes in!—you can get your hands on, and slightly shake the cage a little to settle it down. I used 100% compost—a biologically hot-rot product using my own 21-day, no-turn composting method (see the article in archives: Fast Composting! (use your Back-Button to return directly to this page). Moisten thoroughly and then let it sit for a couple of hours to drain out.
Note: Another system similar to this uses, instead of wire, a relatively rigid recycled plastic sheet with convenient holes drilled for the plants, which you’re supposed to roll into a cylinder, fasten, and plant as you fill. In my experience, planting in layers from the bottom up inside the enclosure is fraught with an annoying handicap: by the time planting has reached the top, the bottom layers have compressed, forcing the already planted potato seed down and away from the hole. As it sprouts, more often than not it misses the hole and spends the entire season trying to get to the top rather than expending all that wasted energy producing a good crop.
When you fill and settle first—especially when using wire—the seed is pushed through the openings, where they stay put…and can “see” daylight so they know which way is “out”!
OK, all filled up, settled down and ready to plant! But first, you should have cut your potato “seed” into smaller pieces about 24-hours ago so the cut surfaces have a chance to “heal”. Most seed potatoes can be cut into thirds or fourths (+/-)…just be dead certain each piece has at least one “eye” or growing point. After cutting, spread them out on a clean surface (an elevated screen will allow good air circulation) in an airy, dry place out of the sun.
Actual planting is pure simplicity. Gently press each piece through each hole in your compost filled and moistened wire cylinder so that just the slightest bit remains visible.
You should end up with several pieces left over….nudge them into the top surface about 6″ apart and a couple inches deep. If you still have a couple pieces left, keep them in a cool, dark place because one or two of the ones planted may turn out to be “duds”, and you’ll have replacements (I didn’t keep any in reserve and, consequently, there are a couple of gaps in my y2k vertical potato “field”. Oh, well….there’s always next year!). Here’s what it should look like about 3 weeks after planting (some seed-pieces may be a bit slower than others, so have patience:
Now comes the boring part: Maintain moisture throughout the remainder of the season – remember that it’ll dry out faster than if planted directly in ground-level soil – and, after about 5 or 6 weeks, you may enjoy “stealing” a few little, 1-inch “baby” spuds from the top layer…to put into soups or stews, or just wash off and crunch down on the spot.
At the end of the season, after the tops have wearied, turned yellow-green and have obviously done their duty, remove all the external plant parts, push it over, give it a good shake to liberate the wire cage (or untie the lacings and remove wire that way)…and harvest your potato crop without the necessity of digging up 40 or 50 feet of row! The photo at the right shows a few of the 45 pounds of spuds retrieved at harvest…nice size and almost totally devoid of distortions and scab. We’ll be doing this again!
All that’s left to do is retrieve the wire, clean it off a bit and store it for next years’ crop. Spread the compost around the rest of the garden and till it in to improve your soil. Oh, I almost forgot: don’t use any kind of manure as part of the mix….chances are you’ll end up with scabby spuds. And you might also consider moving the planting around to a different – possibly distant – spot each year to make it more difficult for the Colorado Potato Beetles to find your crop (they spend the winter in the ground very near where they were originally hatched….but if there aren’t any potatoes there the next season, that should help keep their numbers down).
An alternative method:
Some years back, customers of ours recommended this also-very-effective (but not quite as space-saving) method of growing spuds: they made foot-tall raised beds out of old planks, filled them with high-organic-matter (probably compost), laid out their seed potatoes and covered them with straw—lots of it, apparently. Their potato plants grew up through the straw, looked magnificent, entertained no beetles, and harvesting involved little more than removing the straw and picking up spuds.
“Permaculture is about designing sustainable human settlements through ecology and design. It is a philosophy and an approach to land use which weaves together micro climates, annual and perennial plants, animals, soils, water management and human needs into intricately connected productive communities.” Bill Mollison, Founder of Permaculture
Permaculture is about community living, building healthy environments, producing fresh local food, eliminating use of harmful chemicals, maximizing natural energies, ensuring clean air, water and soil, building on conserving bio-diversity, and meeting our needs with time-tested natural solutions.
Permaculture is a way of thinking as well as a system of organizing intelligent ecological and ethical design. It does not focus on the elements of sustainability in themselves, for example the details of organic living, eco-building, appropriate technology, community building, green finance, or rainwater harvesting, but on the beneficial relationships between these elements. Further focusing on how they are put together to make them as energy efficient and sustaining as possible for people, the planet and our ecosystem.
Permaculture (Permanent Culture) enhances our observation and understanding of natural patterns and universal principles. It teaches us to contemplate nature and natural systems and then to apply these ecological truisms to our own living environments. (Definition partially excerpted from the Permaculture UK magazine editorial by Maddy Harland).
Permaculture is not gardening, is not composting, is not chickens, is not rainwater harvesting, is not solar, is not intentional community, is not recycling… It is all of these, together! It is all these things in beneficial relationships, in the right location. This is permaculture! This is sustainable!
Backyard chicken keepers beware! Do not use the shatter resistant bulbs coated with Teflon in your chicken coops. I would imagine the fumes would prove deadly to turkeys too.
Oh, and by the way, those Teflon pans in your kitchen should go too. If the fumes from heated Teflon are so deadly to your poultry, they are no doubt unhealthy for you to be breathing too